The Classes Of Malocclusion In Orthodontics

The technical term for orthodontic dental and facial irregularities is malocclusion, which literally means ‘bad bite.’ Malocclusion includes the misalignment of the teeth and jaws and/or an inaccurate relationship between the upper and lower dental arches. Malocclusion can be dental, where the teeth are not lined up legitimately and skeletal, which happens when the upper and lower jaws do not line up accurately.  The way the teeth fit together is critical in how well teeth function and can affect appearance and self-regard and the health of the teeth, assimilation, and overall health. Because of the weight the jaws can put on the teeth, misaligned teeth can also cause interminable pain and soreness. The most widely recognized causes of malocclusion are too much or insufficient room in the jaw or jaws for the teeth.  The father of present day orthodontics, Edward Hartley Angle, created the classifications of malocclusion, based on the placement of the primary molars.


Malocclusions are partitioned mainly into three sorts Class I, Class II and Class III.  In Class I malocclusion, the relationship of the main molars is normal and the upper and lower jaws are in a normal relationship to each other, yet the other teeth are swarmed, irregularly spaced, or overlapped. Crossbites and rotations can happen in extreme cases of Class I malocclusion. In Class II malocclusion, the lower molars fit the upper molars, however are not in right position. The bottom jaw develops into a more backward position than normal overbite before and after. This causes the top teeth to project over the bottom teeth. This intemperate bulge of the upper front teeth, usually called ‘buck teeth,’ is the most widely recognized Class II orthodontic issue.  Class III malocclusion happens when the lower molars are too far forward and do not fit into the upper molars.

The lower jaw develops into a forward position, distending out beyond the upper teeth. Class III orthodontic issues are usually the most complicated and troublesome kind of malocclusion to remedy.  Malocclusion can range from mellow to serious. A great many people have some level of malocclusion, and a few people even have distinctive classes of malocclusion on the left and right sides. For a great many people, bad bites are not kidding enough to require orthodontic treatment, however in those with moderate to serious conditions, eating and/or speaking can be negatively affected. Kids and adults who have moderate to serious malocclusions need orthodontic treatment, perhaps even surgical treatment, to straighten their teeth and enhance their quality of life.

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